Anatomy of the Brain - Top View

Mar 11, 2023

In the field of neuroscience, understanding the top view of the brain is essential in comprehending the complex structure and functions of this remarkable organ. The brain, the command center of the human body, is responsible for controlling various bodily functions, thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Let's delve into the detailed brain diagram from a top view to unravel its mysteries.

The Cerebral Cortex

The cerebral cortex is the largest part of the brain and is divided into four lobes: the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and occipital lobe. Each lobe plays a distinct role in processing different types of information. The frontal lobe is responsible for decision-making and motor functions, the parietal lobe processes sensory information, the temporal lobe is involved in memory and language, and the occipital lobe handles visual information.

The Limbic System

The limbic system is a complex network of structures located deep within the brain. It plays a crucial role in regulating emotions, memory, and behavior. The hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus are key components of the limbic system. The hippocampus is involved in memory formation, the amygdala processes emotions, and the hypothalamus controls hormonal release and basic survival functions.

The Brainstem

The brainstem is located at the base of the brain and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It plays a vital role in controlling basic life functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. The brainstem consists of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, each serving different functions to ensure the body's survival.


The cerebellum is located at the back of the brain, beneath the occipital lobe. It is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, balance, and posture. Despite its small size, the cerebellum contains nearly half of the brain's neurons, indicating its significance in motor control and cognitive processes.

Functions of Different Brain Regions

  • Frontal Lobe: Decision-making, motor functions, and personality
  • Parietal Lobe: Sensory information processing and spatial awareness
  • Temporal Lobe: Memory formation, language, and auditory processing
  • Occipital Lobe: Visual information processing
  • Hippocampus: Memory consolidation and spatial navigation
  • Amygdala: Processing emotions and fear responses
  • Hypothalamus: Regulating hormones and basic survival functions
  • Medulla Oblongata: Controlling vital functions like breathing and heart rate
  • Pons: Conveying signals between the cerebrum and cerebellum
  • Midbrain: Control of eye movements and visual and auditory processing


Exploring the anatomy of the brain from a top view provides valuable insights into the complexities of this organ and how its various regions work together to regulate human behavior and cognition. The brain diagram top view serves as a roadmap to understanding the intricate networks and functions that make up our cognitive processes. At Shout It Marketing, we strive to provide in-depth information on topics like neuroscience to empower individuals with knowledge about the incredible organ that is the human brain.